Valley Forge Encampment (1983). October 7, 2015, cherran, Leave a comment. The proponents of this movement, which became known as the Conway Cabal, suggested that General Gates, the victorious leader at the Battle of Saratoga, was perhaps more fit for the top command position. Explain why you think each is important for a soldier to survive the war. Well, the experience at Valley Forge really changed the soldiers involved. Three months of shortage and hardship were followed by three months of relative abundance that led to wonderful changes in the morale and fighting capabilities of the Continental Army. Black and white soldiers camped together at Valley Forge. Valley Forge. On June 18, 1778, the British army evacuated Philadelphia and began marching toward New York, as Washington led the Continental Army eastward from Valley Forge. On December 19, 1777, when Washington's army marched into camp at Valley Forge, tired, cold, and ill-equipped, it was lacking in much of the training essential for consistent success on the battlefield. Jared S., Ledyard Middle School, Ledyard, CT. A. 1400 North Outer Line Drive King of Prussia, PA European recognition augmented congressional reforms. Likewise, patriotism did not peak during the relatively short six-month period at Valley Forge. The symbolic importance that Americans have attached to Valley Forge since the 19th century both complicates and enriches its authentic history. A second event that consolidated Washington’s control was his successful campaign to have a congressional committee visit camp. Valley Forge was named for resembling an iron forge on Valley Creek. The particularly severe winter of 1777-1778 proved to be a great trial for the American army, and of the 11,000 soldiers stationed at Valley Forge, hundreds died from disease. First, the lay of the land made Valley Forge a natural fortress. Valley Forge was a camp that the Militia, or the American soldiers camped in through the Winter. Baron von Steuben assessed the army and recognized that Washington’s men needed more training and discipline. Where can you find the descendents of General Nathanael Greene? Valley Forge National Historical Park was created to preserve our nation's history and tell the story of the Continental Army during the winter of 1777-78. In the two key battles of the Philadelphia campaign, Brandywine and Germantown, the Americans fought with skill and courage. Valley Forge is a name that every child learns in elementary school, but most people still don't know the story of what happened. Valley Forge was a naturally defensible plateau where they could train and recoup from the year’s battles while winter weather, impassable roads, and scant supplies stopped the fighting. Please help me answer those thank you so much if you do(: The army’s decision to occupy Valley Forge and maintain strong offensive pressure on the enemy was a wise one. The mythical narrative is important in its own right for it reveals something about our character in the heroic way we wish the Revolution to be remembered. Why is this question significant? Discover the stories behind some of the famous names who made Montgomery County their home during those six months. Hardship did occur at Valley Forge, but it was not a time of exceptional misery in the context of the situation. Valley Forge is an area in Pennsylvania, about 22 miles (35 kilometers) northwest of Philadelphia. Armstrong's diary begins uneventfully in July 1777. The last native people to inhabit the area were the Lenape, known today as the Delaware. The slopes of Mounts Joy and Misery were wooded and were frequently cut over to supply wood fo making charcoal to fuel the iron forge. While there was never a battle at Valley Forge, disease killed nearly 2,000 people during the encampment. At the same time he realized that American soldiers would not submit to harsh European-style regulation. No battles were fought at Valley Forge. Because of its far-reaching consequences, the single most noteworthy achievement was the maturation of the Continental Army into a professional force under the tutelage of Friedrich Wilhelm Baron von Steuben. An Elegant Dinner with General Washington at Valley Forge Headquarters by Nancy K. Loane On the afternoon of April 5, 1778, four feisty women, accompanied by an escort, Israel Morris, boarded their coach in British-occupied Philadelphia and set… Encampment On December 19th, 1777, 12,000 soldiers and 400 women and children marched into Valley Forge and began to build what was essentially the fourth largest city in the United States, with 1,500 log huts and two miles of … He persuaded Congress to reform the supply system and end the crippling shortages, and attracted experienced officers to the cause, including former Prussian officer Baron von Steuben, who was assigned the task of training the troops. The commander in chief rapidly set troops in motion: a small force marched in and took possession of the city. Valley Forge is an extremely important site to the American Revolutionary War. At Valley Forge, Steuben trained the still-raw troops, who came away a disciplined fighting force giving a good account of themselves in 1778. The local community was largely Quaker. Washington chose the site because it allowed him to defend the Continental Congress which was then meeting in York,Pennsylvania following the British capture of Philadelphia. Europeans began to settle the region in the late 17th century and gradually displaced the natives. The ordered ranks, martial appearance, revived spirit, and fighting skill of the American soldiers spoke of a great transformation having occurred amidst the cold, sickness, and hardship that was Valley Forge. The most serious food crisis occurred in February, when the men went without meat for several days at a stretch. Distressed and haughty New England officers in camp leveled their most impassioned complaints at the locals who did not appear to support the cause. The genius of this nation is not in the least to be compared with that of the Prussians, Austrians, or French. Within what is now the park, 18 landowners established fairly prosperous farms on the choice agricultural soils. Valley Forge was a naturally defensible plateau where they could train and recoup from the year’s battles while winter weather, impassable roads, and scant supplies stopped the fighting. The Importance of Valley Forge Baron von Steuben More von Steuben... First Quarter Project On February 23, 1778, Friedrich Wilhem von Steuben arrived in Valley Forge from Europe. Though they lost both battles, as well as the capital at Philadelphia, the Continental Army emerged from these experiences with a confidence like that of an underdog sports team that had thrown a scare into the champion: ... [the experience of the battle of Germantown] has served to convince our people, that when they make an attack, they can confuse and Rout even the Flower of the British Army, with the greatest ease, and they are not that invincible Body of Men which many suppose them to be. These scattered Southeastern Pennsylvania gravesites have never been systematically commemorated. The military lessons that von Steuben helped instill served Washington’s veterans well. The significance of the encampment lies both in its fact-based history and also its storied myth. It is approximately 20 miles northwest of Philadelphia. The majority of the army swiftly advanced from staging areas on the north side of the Schuylkill River and southeast of camp toward the Delaware River and New Jersey in order to bring on a general engagement. Early successes against a smaller British army had led some Revolutionary leaders to believe that the righteousness of their cause and a militia-type force composed of citizen soldiers would be enough to force the British from America. History >> American Revolution. Washington described Valley Forge as "a dreary kind of place and uncomfortably provided." The scale and intensity of the encampment devastated the landscape of the Valley Forge area. Why was Valley Forge significant to the American Revolutionary War victory? 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